This is a “top-dvery own checklist” for the assembly of a solid-body electrical guitar.It deserve to assist you to construct a guitar via specific sound and playability attributes. Please read licence and also the contribution guidelines prior to contributing.

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Table of Contents

Guitar Necks

Guitar Bodies

Electronics

Sound and Playcapability Influencing Factors

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ComponentSound*Playability*
Guitar Neck+++++
Guitar Body+++++
Guitar Electronics+++-
Strings++++
Scale Length++
Woods (Body, Neck and Fretboard)++

*influence ( “-” represents little, “++++” stands for incredibly strong)

For example, for structure a solid-body ‘jazz-sounding’ guitar you need to pick (height dvery own by importance):

vintage or jazz pickup through convenient po­ten­tiomet­er and also capacitor valuesflatwound stringssubstantial neck, hollow body through wood such as mahagonyshorter range length

Guitar Necks

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Neck thickness, neck width, neck contour and also fret wire dimension affect playability and are a issue of individual taste. Important for good playability is well balanced interactivity of these components. Thicker neck often creates warmer tone.

You watching: Guitar neck sizes

usacustomguitars.com/necks - many neck shape and also thickness combinationsmusikraft.com - extra indevelopment for expertise of neck functions.

Neck Profile

Neck Profile is the combicountry of contour (C, U, V , asymmetrc) and thickness (.0750" - 1")

ContourThicknessWarmoth*Fender*Gibson*
DthinWizardD Shape
Cthin/mediumStandard ThinC Shape (AM Std)Timeless C
Cmedium59 RoundbackDeep CRound C (1959 LP)
UthickFatbackU Shape (Vintage Tele)
VthickBoatneckV Shape (Vintage 52 Tele)
asymmetrischmediumWolfgangModern C

*warmoth - Warmoth Neck Profiles*fender - check out “NECK SHAPE” Filter*gibboy forum - Gibboy Neck Profiles

The real e1 to E6 string spcheck out can be regulated not just with nut width, however likewise by slot spcheck out in the nut. For instance, 44.5 mm wide nut have the right to have actually e1 to E6 distance in between 35 and also 37.5 mm.

CategoryString spacinge1/E6e1 to edgeNeck nut width
Narrowhead string spread7 mm35 mm4.75 mm44,5 mm (1-3/4")
Medium string spread7.3 mm36.5 mm4 mm44,5 mm (1-3/4")
Wide string spread7.5 mm37.5 mm3.5 mm44,5 mm (1-3/4")

graphtech - sizing overview and also pre-slotted nuts

Neck Heel Width and Mounting

These dimensions are not a traditional. Only careful measurement ensures that your parts will be compatible.

Strat necks have actually a rounded base to their heel and Tele necks have actually a squared-off base to their heel, which renders it tough to interchange the 2 forms of necks across miscellaneous bodies.

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Standard Fender heel mounting is done through 4-Bolt Holes - 1/8" (3mm) diameter (spread of 2" x 1-1/2").

Fretboard’s Radius

Smaller radius means a much more rounded form.

youtube.com - understring radius gauges - video demonstration of 3 different gauges used for guitar setup and fretwork: standard, notched and also understring.

Fret Sizes

TitleWidthHeightExample
Smallnarrowlowvintage Fender
Me­di­umnarrowhighmany Martins
Medium Jumbowidelowmany kind of Gibsons
Jum­bowidehighmoderne Fender
High Jum­bowideextremely highmany kind of Ibanez

lutherie.net - gives a wonderful manufacturer/sizes overcheck out.

Usual Neck Head Shapes

6L - Fender Format - left in line6R - for left-handed3L/3R - “Gobchild Stype”4L/2R - “Musicman Style”

Tuner Holes

approx. 8,7mm (11/32") - “Vintage Fender Style”approx. 10mm (25/64" = 9,9mm) - “Sperzel Style”,approx. 10mm (13/32" = 10,3mm) - “Planet Waves Style”approx. 10mm on optimal and 8,7mm bottom - “Schaller/Grover/Gotoh Slyle”

Small holes deserve to be enlarged through a sunk. Big holes can be retrofited by adapter bushings.

Guitar Bodies

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The sound of electrical guitar relies largely on the vibration habits of the string itself and the remanufacturing qualities of the pickup. The vibration behavior of the string depends (very little) on wood. The body itself is extremely thick compared to the neck, that is why the body hardwood kind and also form have incredibly restricted influence on the sound of electric guitar.

music.stackexadjust.com - just how much does electric guitar’s body physics impact the tone and also playcapability.

Body Shapes

The form of an electric guitar deserve to historically be split right into the adhering to categories:

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Picture left to right:

American Standard Tremolo Routing and also Single Coil Strat Pickup,Vintage Telcaster Routing and Single Coil Tele Pickup,Tune-O-Matic Layout Routing and also Habucker Pickup

callahamguitar.com - technological specifications of some coustom components.

Flat Mount Strat Routing

*Wide Humbucker (very same as Seymourduncans “Trembucker” or Dimarzios “F-spaced Hambucker”) deserve to be offered for guitars through larger sting distance through traditional “Humbucker Routing”. Measure from the middle of the high string to the middle of the low string, directly over the pickup. If the distance is greater than two inches or 50mm, go for a Wide Humbucker.

Exact specifications have the right to be found on the manufacturer’s website like:

bareknucklepickups.co.uk - dimensions

In enhancement to classic HH routing (2X hambuckers), there are the following variants: - SSS (Strat, Nashville Tele)

HSS (Strat Humbucker im Steg, Modern Player Tele)HSH (Strat),HS (Strat, 72 Tele)SS (Tele),HP90 (Yamaha Pacifica),S (Tele Esquire),and some other exotic combinations

Tuning Machines

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Tuning Machines Options:

Configuration: 3L+3R (Gibchild style), 6-in-Line (Fender style), 4L/2R (Musicmale style)Ratio - for 1x winding roughly the shaft head - 1x rotation essential.Larger ratio (1:18 > 1:14) permits finer adjustments.Standard vs Locking - with locking tuners strings are put via the axle bore and addressed by a screw from the outside

Bridges

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Guitar bridge has actually big influence on playability (largely via string spacing). Wider string spacing is much better for finger-picking style, narrowhead spacing gives simpler manage once playing leads through distorted tone. Bridge and Pickup Routing chapter over describes common bridge categories through string spacing specification.

See more: Best Guitar For Jazz Guitars For 2019, What Is The Best Guitar For Jazz

Bridge create and material have actually also some influence on sound.Good manufacturers carry out detailed product information on their pages:

ABM - Aluminium, Bell Brass and Steel comparikid - suggests that Bell Brass and also Steel shape the guitar sound with character, while Aluminum acts greatly neutral in the transport of tone.

Hardware Parts Checklist

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The complying with list summarizes the accessories that are compelled to finish your very own guitar building project

Jacks & jackplatesNeck plate (neck-to-body)Pickguard or pickup mounting ringsScrews for all components aboveControl plate (only for for traditional tele)String ferrules (String-thru Top or Bottom - if you use “string via body” rather of bridge)Strap holders

For each screw, the hole need to be pre-drilcaused the core diameter (not outer diameter)

Electronics

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Electronics exerts greatest influence on the as a whole sound of a solid-body electrical guitar.

buildyourguitar.com - The Secrets of Electric Guitar Pickups by Lemme - “If you understand the resonant frequency and also height of the resonant top, you know about 90 percent of a pickup’s transport features. Some various other effects cannot be described using this model, however their influence is less important”.

Frequency response of a magnetic pickup might look choose this

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Sound groupResonant frequencyResonant peakExample Pickup
bright3 - 6kHzhigh peakFender single coils
powerful2 - 3kHztool high peakGibboy PAF
mellow1.5 - 2kHzlow peakRolling ago tone pot

Following topics adjust resonant frequency and also resonant peak:

Cable capacitance - longer cable will lead to lower resonant frequency.Amp input impedance

Pickup Properties

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Wiring: 1, 2, 3 or 4-Con­ductor (4-Con­ductor enabling many versatile wiring)*Position: Bridge, Neck, Midd­leSymmetrical vs asymmetrical connection typeOutput: low(vintage), medium, high (vintage supplied frequently for jazz and blues)Passive vs. Active (Active frequently offered for distortion sound)D.C. Resistance: indication how a lot output a pickup will haveE.Q. chat: A general idea as to the Bass, Mids and Treble.

seymourdundeserve to.com - pickup selectordimarzio.com - pickup picker

Classic humbuckers are asymmetrical. They are internally wired in series (i.e. serial - brings more power) in opposite phase (much less noise). The existing multi-Con­ductor PUs sell the alternative of switching the coils differently utilizing press / pull pots, mini switches, toggles, mega switches and rotary switches, and enable wide control over the sound straight on the guitar.

Con­ductorsConnection TypeCoil SplitSeriell/ParallelPhase SwitchExample
1xAsymmetricalHumbucker ModeSeriellNoShadow AZ48
2xSymmetricalHumbucker ModeSeriellYesFender Wide Range (Mexico)
2xAsymmetricalHumbucker & Single Coil ModeSeriellNoBenedetto B6
3xSymmetricalHumbucker & Single Coil ModeSeriellYesviele aktive PUs
3xAsymmetricalHumbucker & Single Coil ModeSeriell and ParallelNoPRS 59
4xSymmetricalHumbucker & Single Coil ModeSeriell and also ParallelYesall 4-Con­ductor PUs

Sound Control via Switches

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SwitchCoil SplitSeriell/ParallelPhase SwitchPU switch
Toggle Switch---y
Blade Switch “Fender”---y
X-Way-Blade “Megaswitch”yyyy
Mini-Switch SPDT(ON/ON)y---
Mini-Switch SPDT(ON/OFF/ON)y---
Mini-Switch SPDT(ON/OFF/ON)y-y-
Mini-Switch DPDT(ON/ON)yyy-
Push/Pull-Pot DPDT(ON/OFF/ON)yyy-
Mini-Switch DPDT(ON/ON/ON)yyyy
Drehschalteryyyy
Coil Split - “Single Coil Sound”Seriell/Parallel Schaltung - “double Single Coil Sound”Phase-Switch - “Out of Phase Sound”

SP = Single Pole, DP = Double Pole, DT = Double Throw

SPDT (ON/OFF/ON): SPDT (ON/ON): 0 X X | 0 0 0 | X X 0 0 X X | X X 0 DPDT (ON/OFF/ON): DPDT (ON/ON): DPDT (ON/ON/ON):0 X X | 0 0 0 | X X 0 0 X X | X X 0 0 X X | X X 0 | X X 00 X X | 0 0 0 | X X 0 0 X X | X X 0 0 X X | 0 X X | X X 0Example: “Seriell/Parallel und Coil Split at same time” are feasible via 4 Push/Pull Pots, 4 Mini-switches (i.e. dunhave the right to triple shot) or by 5-Way Blade Megaswitch

open up.guitars (german) - Hambucker Conductor/Coils switching alternatives.

Potentiometer and also Capacitor Values

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Sound groupPotCapExamples
typical hambucker500K0.047mFthe majority of hambucker equiped guitars
bright500K0.022mFsome guitars (U.S. FAT Tele)
brighter500K0.01mFsome practice models
brightest1M0.01mFsome custom models
standard singele coils250K0.022mFmany strat & tele models
jazzy250K0.047mFsome teles (ASAT BluesBoy)

http://www.planetz.com/guitar-tone-capacitors-material-kinds - compariboy of tone capacitor material forms and capacitance values.

Volume and Tone Potentiometer Options

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GroupPot body ØBushing ØBushing lengthTower lengthExample
standard24 mm8 mm10 mm19 mmmany fender guitars
mini17 mm7 mm10 mm‘>’ 17 mmmany jazz guitars
long24 mm8 mm20 mm27,5 mmmost Gibson LP guitars
Resistance: 250K, 300K, 500K, 1MTaper: Audio, Reverse Audio, Liclose to, BalanceObelisk Type: Knurled, Round & PlainObelisk Diameter: 6 mm (0.236 in), 6.35 mm (0.25 in)Shaft Length: 17mm, 19 mm (0.75 in), 27,5 mm (1.125 in)

Potentiometer Knob Styles

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Tright here are 3 widespread formats of knobs:

bellspeeddomed

philadelphialuthiertools.com - Choosing the correct knob for your guitar or bass.

Electronics Wiring Schemas

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Active Pickups Electronics

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Active Electronics tries to alleviate dependancy from the shielded cable and amp input impedance. However, that demands power to run, and also that’s its greatest drawago.

Custom Buffers (german) - supplied to decouple the guitar electronics from the sound influencing impacts on the shielded cable.

Strings

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Depfinishing on complying with options your sound will certainly be more bbest or even more mellow:

Construction (Flat Wound/Round Wound)Material (Steel/Nickel) andTension

Many manufacturers usage adhering to naming convention to describe tension of string set:

Name‘e’ website approx.‘E’ site approx.
Extra-Light.008.039
Light.009.042
Regular.010.046
Medium.011.052
Jazz.012.054
Baritone.013.056

There are additionally other hybrid sets obtainable - favor “Light Top/Heavy Bottom” and “Balanced Tension” combinations.

daddario.com - you have the right to pick between bbest and also mellow sounding electric strings.ghsstrings.com - also bideal vs mellow overwatch, and stress guide (pdf)thomastik-infeld.com - good jazz and also blues strings

Scale Length

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A guitar’s scale length is size of string between the nut and the bridge.

Scale has a relatively low influence on sound and playability of the guitar. (Compared via various other parameters such as strings or pickups).

See more: 9 Best Guitar Cord S Of 2021, 9 Best Guitar Cables & Instrument Cords Of 2021

Longer range length sound and also playcapacity characteristics:

quick response, crisp attacktransparent sound through well-identified basses and also heightslarger finger spreadgreater string tension at constant gauge

Shorter range length sound characteristics:

warmermore sustain and also longer decay

Usual Scale Length:

572 mm (22.5") or shorter - 3/4 & some take a trip guitars596,9 mm (23.50") - Fender Jazzmaster/Jaguar guitars629 mm (24.75") - many type of Gibson guitars635 mm (25") - many type of PRS guitars648 mm (25.5") - many Fender guitars650 mm (25.5)- typical timeless guitars686 mm (27") or longer - Baritone guitars

Woods

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WoodsSound¹Weight²Used for³Looks
AlderbrightmediumT/Bbbest, simple
AshbrightmediumT/Bbbest, simple
BasswoodneutrallightBbappropriate, simple
BubingabrightmediumT/B/N/Fred, frequently grained
EbonybrightheavyN/Fdark
Mapleexceptionally brightheavyT/B/N/Fbbest, frequently grained
KoawarmmediumT/B/Ndark, grained, attractive
KorinawarmmediumT/B/Ngrained, attractive
MahoganywarmmediumT/B/Nred
PoplarneutralmediumBbright, simple
RosewoodwarmmediumT/B/N/Fdark
Sitka SpruceneutrallightT/Bbright, simple
Swamp-AshneutrallightT/Bbappropriate, attractive
WalnutbrightmediumT/B/Ngray, attractive
WengebrightheavyT/B/N/Fdark

¹ Sound: the diagram for impacts on tone stands mainly for acoustic instruments and also NOT for solid body guitars, wbelow various other components have much larger influence on sound. Therefore, a mahogany type of electric guitar have the right to sound bright despite the representations below.² Weight might vary for the same range.³ Used for: T - Body Top | B - Body | N - neck | F - fretboards

frudua.com - graphical examples for body and neck woods mirroring connection in between hardwood hardness, its thickness and tone.


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